Varicose Veins-Ligation and Stripping
Vein ligation and stripping is a minor surgery. It is used to remove a damaged vein and prevent complications of vein damage. If several valves in a vein and the vein itself are heavily damaged, the vein (or the diseased part of the vein) is removed (stripped). An incision is made below the vein, a flexible instrument is threaded up the vein to the first incision, and the vein is grasped and removed.
During this surgery, one or more incisions are made over the damaged veins, and the vein is tied off (ligated). If the ligation cuts off a faulty valve and the vein and valves below the faulty valve are healthy, the vein may be left in place to continue circulating blood through other veins that still have valves that work well.
Temporal artery biopsy is the primary modality for establishing a diagnosis of giant cell (temporal) arteritis. Giant cell arteritis is a chronic vasculitis (inflammation o the blood vessels) affecting medium and large diameter arteries, predominantly in older individuals.
A thrombectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove a blood clot (thrombus) from a vessel. The thrombus obstructs blood flow and may cause tissue death and even loss of a limb if the circulation is not restored promptly.